The Jurassic limestone soils or Causses that surround Millau, large almost deserted plateaus, cold in winter, parched in summer lend themselves poorly to cultivation because they are shallow, rocky and dry. Grass is thin and scarce; sheep alone can find the food they need in vast spaces.
The consequence is that two industries have grown out of this suitability of the soil:
- the Roquefort cheese industry, as flocks of ewes are exploited to produce the milk that will make the cheese. Breeders keep only the lambs they need to renew the flock, while the others are slaughtered at around one month of age to keep the mother’s milk.
- The skin of these young lambs or regords is used by the Millau glove factory. This can be explained by the proximity of the two centers and the age of these 2 industries.
- Labor: to transform this raw material, a large workforce is required, and this is the essential problem for manufacturers, as the machine only plays a small part. Millavia’s workforce is highly specialized.